Understanding CPT Code 97110 : Therapeutic Exercise
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Understanding CPT Code 97110 : Therapeutic Exercise

CPT (Current Procedural Terminology) Code 97110 is a medical billing code used to describe a specific therapeutic procedure in the field of physical therapy and rehabilitation. This code is essential for accurately documenting and billing for therapeutic exercises provided to patients as part of their treatment plan. In this article, we will explore CPT Code 97110, what it represents, when it is used, and its significance in healthcare.

What Is CPT Code 97110?

CPT Code 97110 refers to “Therapeutic Procedure, one or more areas, each 15 minutes; therapeutic exercises to develop strength and endurance, range of motion and flexibility.” This code is a part of the American Medical Association’s CPT system, which is widely used in the United States for billing and coding medical services.

CPT codes are a standardized way of communicating specific medical procedures and services between healthcare providers and insurance companies. Code 97110, in particular, is associated with therapeutic exercises, which are an essential component of physical therapy and rehabilitation programs.

When Is CPT Code 97110 Used?

CPT Code 97110 is used in a variety of clinical settings. When therapeutic exercises are performed to achieve specific rehabilitation goals. Some common scenarios in which this code is utilized include:

  1. Physical Therapy: Physical therapists often use CPT Code 97110 to bill for the time spent providing therapeutic exercises to patients. These exercises are tailored to the patient’s needs and are designed to improve strength, endurance, range of motion, and flexibility.
  2. Rehabilitation Centers: Rehabilitation centers that provide services for individuals recovering from injuries, surgeries, or medical conditions use this code when documenting therapeutic exercise sessions.
  3. Sports Medicine Clinics: In sports medicine, therapeutic exercises are crucial for athletes’ recovery and performance enhancement. CPT Code 97110 is used to bill for exercise sessions in this context.
  4. Orthopedic Practices: Orthopedic surgeons and practices may incorporate therapeutic exercises into their treatment plans for patients with musculoskeletal issues, and they use this code for billing purposes.
  5. Neurological Rehabilitation: Patients recovering from neurological conditions such as stroke. Spinal cord injuries often undergo therapeutic exercises to regain strength and mobility. In such cases, CPT Code 97110 is used.

The Significance of CPT Code 97110

CPT Code 97110 is significant for several reasons:

  1. Accurate Billing: It ensures that healthcare providers are appropriately reimbursed for the time and effort spent on therapeutic exercises.
  2. Documentation: Using this code in medical records helps in maintaining a clear record of the specific therapeutic procedures provided to the patient.
  3. Insurance Coverage: It assists in facilitating insurance claims for patients receiving therapeutic exercise services. Insurance companies use these codes to determine coverage and benefits.
  4. Compliance: Properly using CPT codes is essential for healthcare providers to remain compliant with coding and billing regulations.
  5. Transparency: Patients can review their medical bills and see the specific services they received, enhancing transparency in healthcare billing.

How CPT Code 97110 Relates to Physical Therapy

In the context of physical therapy. CPT Code is often used to describe various therapeutic exercises aimed at addressing musculoskeletal issues. Improving mobility, and enhancing overall physical function. Physical therapists design exercise programs that are individualized to each patient’s needs and condition. These exercises can include, but are not limited to:

  • Strengthening Exercises: Targeting specific muscle groups to improve strength, stability, and support.
  • Range of Motion Exercises: Aimed at increasing joint flexibility and reducing stiffness.
  • Endurance Exercises: Designed to enhance cardiovascular and muscular endurance, helping patients perform daily activities with less fatigue.
  • Functional Mobility Exercises: Focusing on movements and tasks relevant to the patient’s daily life and activities.
  • Postural Training: Correcting and improving posture to reduce strain on the musculoskeletal system.
  • Balance and Coordination Exercises: Enhancing the ability to maintain balance and perform coordinated movements.

Therapeutic exercises are an integral part of physical therapy, contributing to the patient’s recovery and overall well-being. Properly documenting and billing for these services using CPT Code is essential to ensure that both patients and healthcare providers receive the benefits and compensation they deserve.


CPT Code plays a crucial role in the healthcare system, particularly in the field of physical therapy and rehabilitation. It accurately represents therapeutic exercises designed to improve strength, endurance, range of motion, and flexibility. Which are essential for patients recovering from various conditions and injuries. By using this code, healthcare providers can document and bill for their services accurately. While patients can gain insight into the specific treatments they receive and navigate their insurance coverage more effectively.

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